History History


Why is the Ode to Joy the anthem of the European Union

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Why is the Ode to Joy the anthem of the European Union The Ode to Joy, the fourth and last movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, became the anthem of the Council of Europe in 1972 and of the European Community in 1985. Eight years later, the anthem was adopted by the then European Union. But why did the choice fall on this symphony? Read more

Why was Astana renamed Nur-Sultan

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Why was Astana renamed Nur-Sultan On March 23, 2019, an official decree, signed at the time by the interim President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Tokaev, was issued to rename the capital Astana to Nur-Sultan. The Kazakh capital was renamed again after more than 20 years. Nur-Sultan has been renamed a total of five times during its 190-year history. What is the history of the names of this capital and what led to the current renaming? Read more

Why did dinosaurs become extinct

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Why did dinosaurs become extinct When the phrase "extinction of dinosaurs" is said, most of us have probably the idea of a giant asteroid hitting Earth, obscuring sunlight, cooling the planet, and the death of animal species due to lack of food. But is this idea correct? And did the dinosaurs really die out? Read more

Why are the United States and Saudi Arabia allies

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Why are the United States and Saudi Arabia allies The alliance between the United States and Saudi Arabia could be counted among the most bizarre alliances of the powers in the world. There are perhaps no more ideologically opposing allies than these two. On the one hand, there is a republic where lawmakers swear on the Bible, on the other hand, there is an absolute monarchy that promotes the most radical form of Islam called Wahhabism, whose members, largely directly from the Saudis, are behind the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States. But how did this alliance come into being and what are the main reasons for its persistence to this day? Read more

Why is Russian spoken in Kazakhstan

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Why is Russian spoken in Kazakhstan In Kazakhstan, and other post-Soviet republics of Central Asia, Russian is spoken, along with the local language. Russian is the second official language in Kazakhstan, and even more people in Kazakhstan speak Russian (75 %) than Kazakh (64.4 %). In recent years, however, the Kazakh government has been trying to divert and build its own stronger identity in various ways away from the influence of Russian culture. But why does the Russian language dominate Kazakhstan? How far does the beginnings of the Russian language go in there? Read more

Why the Great Wall of China was built

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Why the Great Wall of China was built The Great Wall of China is not a single wall. These are a number of longer or shorter sections that originated from the 8th century BC until the fall of the Ming Dynasty in 1644. But what were the reasons for the construction of the largest fortification complex in human history? Read more

Why the British handed over Hong Kong to China

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Why the British handed over Hong Kong to China On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong changed its status from a British colony to a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. The handover took place formally on the previous day with the participation of the leading representatives of the two powers, Prince Charles on the one hand and by President Jiang Zemin on the other. But why did the British hand over Hong Kong to China? What preceded this act? Read more

Why was Jan Hus burned

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Why was Jan Hus burned As a reformer of the Roman Catholic Church, Jan Hus was a great critic of it. He especially criticized the moral decline of the church and preached his teachings to the general public. His role model was the English philosopher and theologian John Wycliffe. Read more