Why the Paris Agreement was signed

Published on in category Nature
Why the Paris Agreement was signed

The Paris Agreement, negotiated in 2015 and signed in 2016, aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and keep the global average temperature well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels of around -0.3 °C, and trying to do the best so that the temperature does not exceed the limit of increase of 1.5 °C compared to the values before the industrial revolution. Given the observed global warming trend, this is a truly ambitious plan. But why did the agreement come about at all? What were the key stimuli?

The main impetus for the agreement was and is global warming and its increasingly significant effects on the ecosystem in which we live. Global warming is caused by the growing volume of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, especially by burning fossil fuels. Unfortunately, the rate of increase in global warming has already reached (June 2019) such values that avoiding a global catastrophe means drastic changes in society's behavior, which, of course, do not take place.

Although many have described the Paris Agreement as very successful in the field of international cooperation, it has virtually no legal mechanisms to penalize states that fail to meet their obligations. On the contrary, its innovative contribution lies in the loss of reputation and shame of a power that fails to live up to its obligations to other powers that have acted conscientiously. Each country must set goals that will be higher than the previous ones every 5 years. In regular reporting, it will be clear how the country really stands.

Other partial reasons are all essentially due to global climate change. These are in particular:

  • "Sinking" island states due to rising sea levels due to melting glaciers and warming of the oceans
  • Huge species extinction and the destruction of entire ecosystems
  • Environmental pollution and health consequences
  • Larger fluctuations in temperature and weather changes and the resulting material damage and death
  • Huge negative effects, especially on the population of developing countries and the deepening of world poverty
  • etc...

Related articles

Why has Germany banned nuclear power plants

Published on in category Nature
Why has Germany banned nuclear power plants On Monday, 30 May 2011, Germany issued an official declaration that it would close all its nuclear power plants by 2022, which at that time produced 23 % of Germany's total energy production. The statement came exactly two and a half months after the temporary closure of seven older nuclear power plants, following the accident at the Fukushima I power plant on 11 March 2011. Does Germany plan to close all its nuclear power plants only because of fears of a nuclear disaster in a country that is not suffering from an earthquake, tsunami, or typhoon? Read more

Why is the planting monocultures bad

Published on in category Nature
Why is the planting monocultures bad Planting monocultures is an agricultural technique that favors a single crop (or animal species) in one place to achieve higher harvesting efficiency in less time. Why, on the one hand, is it so popular and widely used and, on the other hand, discussed and rejected by conservationists? What are its pros and cons? Read more

Why is amount of insect in decline

Published on in category Nature
Why is amount of insect in decline Insects play a very important role in our ecosystem. A large part of insects is advantageous and available for pollination of plants, regulation of pests, recycling of dead plants and animals, or as animal feed. Biodiversity is closely tied to life on Earth, and its reduction can have irreversible detrimental consequences for the entire animal kingdom, including us humans. Read more